Ninh explains, the Rules of Greco-Roman Wrestling.
The object of the game is to wrestle the opponent and win by either pin or by points.
Greco-Roman Wrestling is one the most popular versions of wrestling worldwide and is contested
at the Olympic Games. Wrestling matches are contested between two
people who are of similar weight, on a rubber mat that measures 9m in diameter. Wrestlers
either wear red or blue during a contest. In Greco-Roman Wrestling – you can only
use your torso and upper body to take down your opponent. You cannot use your legs or
attack your opponent’s legs for any reason. This means that there isn’t as much to attack,
and not as much to defend. You must try to get your opponent onto their
back, so that both shoulder blades touch the floor simultaneously.
If you successfully pin your opponent’s shoulder blades to the floor for one second,
the referee will stop the contest and you win automatically. This is known as winning by fall, or winning
by pin. If neither wrestler can pin each other, you
can score points to win the contest instead. There are 5 main ways of scoring.
If you manage to take your opponent down onto the mat with control over them, this is a
takedown and is worth anywhere between 2 and 5 points. The amount of points depends on
the type of takedown – with throws of grand amplitude scoring the maximum 5 points. Whilst in a defensive position, if you manage
to get away from the wrestler or get yourself into the neutral position, this is an escape
and is worth 1 point. Whilst in a defensive position, if you manage
to come from the bottom and take control of your opponent on top, this is a reversal and
scores 1 point. Whilst in an offensive position, if you expose
your opponent’s back to the floor, and are in a dominant position with control, this
is known as exposure, and scores 2 or 3 points depending on the length of time you nearly
pin your opponent. And if you do commit any illegal move, the
referee may award Penalty Points to your opponent. There are numerous ways this can happen.
A match is contested in two periods of 3 minutes each, and in Greco-Roman Wrestling – you MUST
win 2 periods for victory. So if someone doesn’t win by fall, the wrestler
who has won two periods, wins the match. If both wrestlers have won one period, a third
and final period will be played to determine the winner.
This results in the odd occurrence that a wrestler could still win the contest, whilst
being outscored by his opponent. That’s the bare bones of Greco-Roman Wrestling,
but there’s a few other things you’ll need to know before watching or contesting
a match. For example: Caution
If a wrestler commits an illegal move, violates one of the rules, or has no intention of wrestling,
the referee can award a caution and/or penalty points against them.
If a wrestler places one foot outside the circle, the match is stopped, the wrestler
cautioned and one point is awarded to his opponent. This is known as out of bounds. If a wrestler runs away, or refuses to start
or wrestle, this is passivity and results in the wrestler is cautioned and the opponent
will be awarded one point. Par Terre
The referee may order the wrestlers to start in Par Terre position. This can be issued
after a caution. The offending wrestler will be on the bottom on his hands and knees. The
other wrestler grapples from the top. Collectively, this is known as the clinch. In Greco-Roman
Wrestling, the top wrestler has the advantage and when the referee whistles, you commence
wrestling in this position. Period Format
In Greco Roman Wrestling, each period is split up into 1 minute sub periods.
In the first minute, both wrestlers fight in a neutral position.
After a minute – the referee will order both wrestlers to assume the Par Terre position,
with the highest scoring wrestler on the top. Then, after another minute, the roles are
reversed. If scores are the same, a coloured disk dictates
who starts first. Technical Superiority (Technical Fall).
In Greco-Roman Wrestling, if one wrestler accrues an 8 point advantage over their opponent,
the referee will end the contest immediately and that wrestler will win by technical superiority
or technical fall. Win by Injury, Forfeit or Disqualification.
If the wrestler cannot continue during the match, the opponent will be awarded a Win
by Injury. If the wrestler cannot start the contest,
the opponent will be awarded a win by Forfeit. If a wrestler accrues 3 cautions, or is banned
from competing further by the referee, the opponent will Win by Disqualification.
That’s a lot to take in, but once you’ve watched Greco-Roman Wrestling for a while,
the rules will become clear. Check out my videos on the other forms of
wrestling which you can find on my channel. If you have found this video at all helpful,
please be sure to like share and subscribe. It takes me ages to make one of these things
and good karma is much appreciated. Follow me on Twitter also, but in the meantime
– enjoy Greco-Roman Wrestling. Ninh Ly – www.ninh.co.uk – @NinhLyUK