Ninh explains the Rules of Kabaddi Kabaddi is an Indian sport, played with two
teams of 12 players, with 7 players taking to the court at any one time.
The game is played on a rectangular court that’s generally a maximum of 13m x 10m.
This midline divides the court into two and these are the baulk lines, the end lines,
the bonus lines and this is the lobby area. I’ll explain what these are shortly.
The object of the game is for your team to score more overall points than the opposing
team. To score, a team must send a player (known
as a raider) into the opposing half of the court whilst chanting the word ‘Kabaddi’
repeatedly. A raider must only use one breath, and chant
the word ‘Kabaddi’ repeatedly to show the referee that he is exhaling and not holding
his breath. The first goal of the raider is to reach over
the baulk line. Failure to do this results in the raider being
out, and cannot participate in the next part of the game.
The second goal of the raider is to touch as many players as he can and make it back
to the midline before he is caught and tackled by the defenders.
He can do this in several ways: with a hand touch, a toe touch, a kick, or by trying to
escape a tackle and reaching for the midline. He gets one point for every opposing defender
that he touches so long as he makes it back to the midline, all whilst repeatedly chanting
the word ‘kabaddi’. And any touched defenders are out and cannot
participate in the next round of play. Understand so far? Cool, let’s continue.
The defenders (sometimes known as Anti’s) will try and stop the raider returning to
the mid line, especially if one of them has been touched.
They can use several tactics such as the ankle hold, back hold, front tackle and forcing
them off the court entirely. If the defenders manage to stop the raider
returning to his own half of the court, the raider is out and the defending team gets
one point. Once a raid has finished, the opposing team
must send out a raider of their own within 5 seconds, or the team will lose a point.
Got it? Good, because it’s about to get a lot more complicated.
When a player is out, he must wait in the sitting block and is temporarily unable to
participate in the game. Once a raider has been tackled or a point
has been scored, they are allowed to revive one of their own players out of the sitting
block to re-join the team. This means that every time you score, you
can revive one or more players back onto the field of play. The game is played in two 20 minute halves,
for a combined playing time of 40 minutes. Highest score at the end of time, wins. Kabaddi is the ultimate game of cat and mouse,
as the defenders have to be far enough away so that they can’t be touched … but also
close enough to tackle the raider should he decide to make a run for it.
This is a highly strategic sport, and there’s a few more rules that you’ll need to understand
before playing or watching a game, for example: The lobby
The lobby is an extended area of play, which is denoted by the yellow areas here. These
are only active when a defender has been touched, and gives both raider and defender more room
to try and score or get the raider out. The Bonus Line
As mentioned before, this is the bonus line. If a raider puts one foot in the bonus line
with one foot in the air, he will score one point so long as he makes it back to the mid
line. However, the bonus line is quite far from
the midline, and reaching for this line makes it easier for a defender to tackle you.
The bonus line is only active when where are 6 or 7 defenders on the court. Super Tackle.
If there are three or less defenders on the defending team and they manage to tackle a
raider, this is known as a super tackle, and scores two points.
One for eliminating the raider and a bonus point for doing so with 3 or less defenders. Do or Die Raid
If a team has two unsuccessful raids (i.e. they scored zero both times), the third raid
is the ‘do or die raid’. Failure to score on the third raid results in the raider being
A pursuit is where a defender charges at a retreating raider with the aim of scoring
a quick point off him. This is usually done if the other team is
slow to retreat from a raid and a defender is close enough to score a point and make
it back to the mid line quickly before the other players realise. All out.
If in the rare instance a raider gets all the defenders out in one raid, this is known
as an ‘all out’. The raiding team gets one point per player and an additional two
points. All players are revived after an all out. To the uninitiated, Kabaddi seems strange,
confusing and even ridiculous. But once you understand the rules, it becomes
an interesting sport to watch. If you have found this video at all helpful,
please like, share with your friends, comment and subscribe. It takes me ages to make one
of these videos and good karma is always appreciated. If you’re also on Reddit, you can post the
video and discuss it there. But in the meantime, enjoy Kabaddi. Ninh Ly UK – www.ninh.co.uk – @NinhLyUK